IDENTIFIKASI KESULITAN DALAM MEMECAHKAN MASALAH MATEMATIKA

Lalu Muhammad Fauzi

Abstract


Pemecahan masalah mengacu pada kemampuan untuk menggunakan pengetahuan awal, fakta, dan data untuk memecahkan masalah secara efektif. Dalam beberapa penelitian mengungkapkan berbagai temuan terutama pada kesulitan siswa lamam memecahkan masalah matematika. Kemampuan awal siswa sebagai dasar pengetahuan yang dapat membantu siswa dalam mengatasi kesulitan menyelesaikan masalah-masalah matematika. Siswa sebagian besar mengalami kesulitan pada kemampuan verbal yakni memahami dan menafsirkan soal dalam bentuk matematika disamping rasa percaya diri siswa terhadap kemampuannya sendiri. Berberapa solusi yang ditawarkan dengan membangun dialog dalam bentuk refleksi dengan siswa, menguatkan kemampuan awal siswa, menggunakan beragam metode pengajaran, dan memotivasi siswa untuk yakin terhadap kemapuannya dalam memecahkan masalah matematika.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Bjuland, R. (2004). Student Teachers' Reflections on Their Learning Process through Collaborative Problem Solving in Geometry. Educational Studies in Mathematics, 55(1/3). 199-22

Bruder, R. (2016). Problem solving in mathematics education. Hamburg. Springer Nature.

Fagnant, A & Vlassis, J. (2013). Schematic representations in arithmetical problem solving: Analysis of their impact on grade 4 students. Source: Educational Studies in Mathematics, 84(1). 149-168

Hatton, N. and Smith, D.: 1995, Reflection in teacher education: Towards definition and implementation, Teaching and Teaching Education 11(1), 33-49.

Pape, S. J. & Wang, C. (2003). Middle school children's strategic behavior: Classification and relation to academic achievement and mathematical problem solving. Instructional Science, 31(6). 419-449.

Reed, S.K. (1999). Word Problems: Research and curriculum reform. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence E

Schunk D. H. (2012). Learning Theories: An Educational Perspective Sixth Edition. Boston. Allyn & Bacon

Schwartz, J. L. (1994). Mathematical thinking and problem solving. New York. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Verschaffel, L., & De Corte, E. (1997). Teaching realistic mathematical modeling in the elementary school: a teaching experiment with fifth graders. Journal for Research in Mathematic Education, 28(5), 577-601.

Wickelgren, W A. (1973). How to solve mathematical problems. New York. Dover Publications.

Wickelgren, W. A. (1974). How to solve mathematical problems. New York. Dover Publications.

Williams, S.R., & Baxter, J.A. (1996). Dilemmas of discourse-oriented teaching in one Middle School Mathematics Classroom. The Elementary School Journal, 97(1), 21-38.

Zhang, D., Ding, Y., Barrett D. E., Xin, P. Y., & Liu, R. (2014). A comparison of strategic development for multiplication problem solving in low, average, and high-achieving students. European Journal of Psychology of Education, 29(2). 195-214.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.26877/jipmat.v3i1.2286

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2018 JIPMat

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

JIPMat (Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan Matematika) Indexed by:

    

 


Copyright of JIPMat (Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan Matematika) p-ISSN 2502-7638 and e-ISSN 2502-8391  

Creative Commons License
JIPmat (Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan Matematika) is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

View JIPMat Stats