Analysis of Water Quality and River Waters Microbology for Manifestation of Food Safety

Rizky Muliani Dwi Ujianti, Althesa Androva

Abstract


 

Abstract. Banjir Kanal Barat is a river in the Garang watershed, Semarang City, Central Java, Indonesia. Its function is as a source of water for the community. The level of pollution in this river is already high. The purpose of this study is to provide advice to governments, communities and related stakeholders to realize integrated river management, and fisheries-based food security is achieved. This research method is: analyzing the water quality of the Banjir Kanal Barat river, and analyzing the amount of faecal and total coliform bacteria content in the Banjir Kanal Barat river, and analyzing how to overcome the decline in the quality of waters of the Banjir Kanal Barat river due to faecal and total coliform bacteria pollution. The results showed that the water quality at the research location was still in the quality standard. The content of coliform dan faecal bacteria at the study site exceeds the quality standard, this is due to the influence of domestic waste from households. The thing that needs to be done is counseling the existence of a clean and healthy life, especially for people who are still throwing domestic waste into the river. The existence of water purification equipment is also very necessary to overcome this problem. Water quality management can be done with policy analysis. Regulations related to water quality management can be analyzed and then given solutions and recommendations related to these rules so that policies can be taken that are sustainable, integrated, and coordinated between various parties in managing river water quality and food security.

 

Keywords: food security, water quality, river, faecal coliform, total coliform


Full Text:

PDF

References


Marlena, B. (2012, September). Kajian Pengelolaan Sub DAS Garang Hulu terhadap Kualitas Air Sungai. In Seminar Nasional Pengelolaan Sumberdaya Alam dan Lingkungan.

Ibrahim, B., & Suptijah, P. (2009). The Utilization of Chitosan on Fishery Industrial Wastewater Treatment. Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia, 12(2).

Syofyan, I., & Nasution, P. (2012). Studi Kualitas Air Untuk Kesehatan Ikan Dalam Budidaya Perikanan Pada Aliran Sungai Kampar Kiri. Jurnal Perikanan Dan kelautan, 16(01).

Brontowiyono, W., Kasam, K., Ribut, L., & Ike, A. (2013). Strategi Penurunan Pencemaran Limbah Domestik di Sungai Code DIY. Jurnal Sains dan Teknologi Lingkungan, 5(1), 36-47.

Kurniasih, N. (2002). Pengelolaan DAS Citarum berkelanjutan. Jurnal Teknologi Lingkungan, 3(2), 82-91.

Hidayah, A. M., Purwanto, P., & Soeprobowati, T. R. (2014). Biokonsentrasi faktor logam berat Pb, Cd, Cr dan Cu pada ikan nila (Oreochromis niloticus Linn.) di karamba Danau Rawa Pening. Bioma: Berkala Ilmiah Biologi, 16(1), 1-9.

Ratnapuri, V. V., Zainuri, M., Widowati, I., & Supriyanto, J. (2013). Kesuburan Perairan Berdasarkan Struktur Komunitas Fitoplankton Dalam Memprediksi Daerah Penangkapan Kerang Simping (Amusium Pleuronectes) Di Perairan Pemalang.

Prabowo, R., & Subantoro, R. (2012). Kualitas Air dan Beban Pencemaran Pestisida di Sungai Babon Kota Semarang. Mediagro, 8(1).

Warman, I. (2017). Uji kualitas air muara sungai Lais untuk perikanan di Bengkulu Utara. Jurnal Agroqua: Media Informasi Agronomi dan Budidaya Perairan, 13(2), 24-33.

Zonneveld, N., Huisman, E. A., & Boon, J. H. (1991). Prinsip-prinsip budidaya ikan. PT Gramedia Pustaka Utama.

Rahmawati, R., Fitria, L., & Syafitri, L. (2017). Correlation of Physical-Chemical Parameters to Total Coliform Value in Jawi River, Pontianak, West Kalimantan. Biosaintifika: Journal of Biology & Biology Education, 9(2), 370-379.

Kurniawati, S., Nurjazuli, N., & Raharjo, M. (2017). Risiko Kesehatan Lingkungan Pencemaran Logam Berat Kromium Heksavalen (Cr VI) pada Ikan Nila (Oreochromis niloticus) di Aliran Sungai Garang Kota Semarang. Higiene: Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan, 3(3), 152-160.

Usman, S., La Nafie, N., & Ramang, M. (2013). Distribusi kuantitatif logam berat Pb dalam air, sedimen dan ikan merah (Lutjanus erythropterus) di sekitar perairan pelabuhan Parepare. Marina Chimica Acta, 14(2).

Gitarama, A. M., Krisanti, M., & Agungpriyono, D. R. (2016). Komunitas Makrozoobentos dan Akumulasi Kromium di Sungai Cimanuk Lama, Jawa Barat. Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia, 21(1), 48-55.

Bakti, L. M. (2010). Study of tidal inundation potential at Semarang City and its solutions. Diponegoro University.

Kędra, M., & Wiejaczka, L. (2018). Climatic and dam-induced impacts on river water temperature: Assessment and management implications. Science of the Total Environment, 626, 1474-1483.

Aburto-medina, A., Shahsavari, E., Salzman, S. A., Kramer, A., Ball, A. S., & Allinson, G. (2019). Elucidation of the microbial diversity in rivers in south-west Victoria, Australia impacted by rural agricultural contamination (dairy farming). Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 172, 356–363.

Puspitasari, D. E. (2009). Dampak pencemaran air terhadap kesehatan lingkungan dalam perspektif hukum lingkungan (Studi kasus sungai Code di Kelurahan Wirogunan Kecamatan Mergangsan dan Kelurahan Prawirodirjan Kecamatan Gondomanan Yogyakarta). Mimbar Hukum-Fakultas Hukum Universitas Gadjah Mada, 21(1), 23-34.

Tampubolon, R., Sanim, B., Saeni, M., & Boer, R. (2012). Analysis of Environmental Quality Changes of Citarum Watershed of West Java and their Effects on Operational Costs of Hydroelectric Power Plans and the Regional Drinking Water Companies (Case Study at Saguling, Cirata, and Jatiluhur Hydroelectric Power Pl.

BenDor, T. K., Jordanova, T. V., & Miles, B. (2017). A geospatial analysis of land use and stormwater management on fecal coliform contamination in North Carolina streams. Science of The Total Environment, 603, 709-727.

Reder, K., Flörke, M., & Alcamo, J. (2015). Modeling historical fecal coliform loadings to large European rivers and resulting in-stream concentrations. Environmental Modelling & Software, 63, 251-263.

Widiyanti, N. L. P., & Ristiati, N. P. (2004). Qualitative analysis of coliform bacteria at some shops refilled drinking water in Singaraja Bali. Jurnal Ekologi Kesehatan, 3(1), 64-73.

Pakpahan, R. S., Picauly, I., & Mahayasa, I. N. W. (2015). Cemaran Mikroba Escherichia coli dan Total Bakteri Koliform pada Air Minum Isi Ulang. Kesmas: National Public Health Journal, 9(4), 300-307.

Divya, A. H., & Solomon, P. A. (2016). Effects of some water quality parameters especially total coliform and fecal coliform in surface water of Chalakudy river. Procedia Technology, 24, 631-638.

An, Y. J., Kampbell, D. H., & Breidenbach, G. P. (2002). Escherichia coli and total coliforms in water and sediments at lake marinas. Environmental Pollution, 120(3), 771-778.

Hong, H., Qiu, J., & Liang, Y. (2010). Environmental factors influencing the distribution of total and fecal coliform bacteria in six water storage reservoirs in the Pearl River Delta Region, China. Journal of Environmental Sciences, 22(5), 663-668.

Ujianti, R. M. D., Anggoro, S., Bambang, A. N., Purwanti, F. & Androva, A. (2019). Environmental Study on Phytoplankton in Garang Watershed, Central Java, Indonesia and Its Water Quality, IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 246, 012070.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.26877/asset.v1i1.4877

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright of Advance Sustainable Science, Engineering and Technology (ASSET) 2715-4211 (Online - Elektronik)

Publisher by Science and Technology Research Centre Universitas PGRI Semarang