Analysis of the Effectiveness of Automatic Lathes Using the OEE and FMEA Methods

Muhammad Bagus Maulana, Dzakiyah Widyaningrum


UD AMJ Jaya Teknik is a manufacturing company that produces various kinds of construction products and spare parts, one of which is boshing products made using an automatic lathe. This research aims to identify the performance of automatic lathe machines to measure the productivity of automatic lathe machines using Overall Equipment Effectiveness and using the Failure Mode and Effect Analysis method. Based on the advantages of OEE, further analysis is carried out to calculate the six big losses. The results obtained from the OEE calculation of 68.22%, this value does not meet the standard ideal OEE value of 85.00%. Meanwhile, the results of the six big loss calculations obtained large values and influenced the effectiveness of the lathe to be minimized, namely process defect loss, reduce speed loss, idling and minor stoppages, and setup and adjustment loss. For the results of the FMEA analysis, the largest RPN value was obtained, namely 336 for the Man factor, with the failure mode that occurred being workers who lacked focus and lack of experience. From the research results of the above calculations, it can be seen that the effectiveness of the UD AMJ Jaya Teknik workshop still needs to be improved, where UD AMJ Jaya Teknik can find out and take corrective action in aspects of machine maintenance and workforce awareness.


OEE, FMEA, Engine Performance, Six Big Losses, Lathe

Full Text:



H. Hidayat, M. Jufriyanto, and AW Rizqi, "Analysis of Overall Equipment Effectiveness (Oee) on Cnc Cutting Machines,"Rotor, vol. 13, no. 2, p. 61, 2020, doi: 10.19184/rotor.v13i2.20674.

NH Ummah and SS Dahda, "Analysis of the Performance Effectiveness of Manual and Automatic Cutting Machines Using the OEE (Overall Equipment Effectiveness) Method at PT. XYZ,"J. Tech. Ind. J. Has. Researcher. and Science Works. in Bid. Tech. Ind., vol. 8, no. 2, p. 345, 2022, doi: 10.24014/jti.v8i2.19765.

H. Ariyah, "Application of the Overall Equipment Effectiveness (OEE) Method in Increasing the Efficiency of Batching Plant Machines (Case Study: PT. Lutvindo Wijaya Perkasa),"J. Technol. And Manaj. Ind. Apply., vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 70–77, 2022.

NR Nurwulan and DK Fikri, "Productivity Analysis using the OEE and Six Big Losses Method: Case Study in a Coal Mine,"J. IKRA-ITH Econ., vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 30–35, 2020.

Irsan, "Integration of Overall Equipment Effectiveness (Oee) and Failure Mode and Effect Analysis (Fmea) to Increase the Effectiveness of Hammer Mill Machines at Pt. Salix Bintama Prima,"J. Optim., vol. 4, no. 7, pp. 97–107, 2015, [Online]. Available:

H. Fauzi, J. Alhilman, and FTD Atmaji, "Analysis of the Application of Overall Equipment Effectiveness (Oee) and Overall Resource Effectiveness (Ore) in Evaluating the Effectiveness of Cnc Millac Machines at Pt Dirgantara Indonesia Analysis of Overall Equipment Effectiveness (Oee) and Overall Equipment Resource E,"eProceedings Eng., vol. 8, no. 2, p. 2107, 2021.

O. Rabiatussyifa, FN Azizah, and AD Ardhani, “Analysis of Buffing Machine Productivity Using the Overall Equipment Effectiveness (OEE) Method at PT. XYZ Cikarang, West Java,"J. Ilm. Educator's Ride., vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 95–102, 2022, doi: 10.5281/zenodo.6301691.

VI Lestari and JA Suryadi, "Analysis of Machine Effectiveness at Boiler Stations Using the Overall Equipment Effectiveness (Oee) Method at Pt. Xyz,"Tekmapro J. Ind. Eng. Manag., vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 36–47, 2021, doi: 10.33005/tekmapro.v16i2.240.

DF Rahmadhani, H. Taroeprajetka, and L. Fitria, "Proposal for Increasing the Effectiveness of Manual Printing Machines Using the Overall Equipment Effectiveness (OEE) Method (Case Study at the TTN Crackers Company),"J. Online Inst. Technol. Nas., vol. 2, no. 4, pp. 156–165, 2014.

S. Nakajima, “Introduction to TPM: Total Productive Maintenance.pdf,”Productivity Press, Cambridge. p. MA, 1988, doi:

A. Wahid, "Application of Total Productive Maintenance (TPM) Production Using the Overall Equipment Effectiveness (OEE) Method in the Bottle Production Process (PT.J. Technol. And Manaj. Ind., vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 12–16, 2020, doi: 10.36040/jtmi.v6i1.2624.

K. Hafiz and E. Martianis, "Analysis of Overall Equipment Effectiveness (OEE) on Caterpillar Type 3512B Machines,"SYNTEK JJ Ilm. Tech. Machine, vol. 13, no. 2, p. 87, 2019, doi: 10.24853/sintek.13.2.87-96.

A. Candra, F. Hendra, and R. Effendi, "Suggestions for Improving the Effectiveness of Rollforming Machines Using the Overall Equipment Effectiveness (OEE) Method,"J. Sound Tech., vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 30–38, 2022.


DA Kifta and T. Munzir, "Welding Defect Rate Analysis and Overcoming Using Six Sigma and Fmea Methods at Pt. Profab Indonesia,"J. Dimensions., vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 162–174, 2018, doi: 10.33373/dms.v7i1.1676.

N. Andri, “Quality Control of Steel Products Using Statistical Quality Control Methods(SQC) and Failure Mode Effect Analysis (FMEA) at PT XYZ," Fak. Tech., pp. 1–112, 2018.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Advance Sustainable Science, Engineering and Technology (ASSET)

E-ISSN: 2715-4211
Published by Science and Technology Research Centre

Universitas PGRI Semarang, Indonesia