An Analysis of the Students’ Competence in Writing Abstract

Sudiran - Sudiran, AB Prabowo Kusumo Adi

Abstract


Abstract. Writing plays an essential role in the development of students’ ability to disseminate their ideas or research findings. In university, Students need to write research reports as one of the requirements to achieve scholar degree. It means that writing enables students to write academic papers from which they report their findings to the examiners board. Students are expected to know some techniques of writing that help them write a good research report. One of the important elements of writing research is an abstract that enables students to describe the whole content of the research in brief. Therefore, it is necessary to investigate students’ competence in writing a good abstract because not only does it function as a summary of research consisting of introduction, method, finding, and conclusion, but it also functions as a key to arouse the readers’ attention.  The objective of the research is to describe the students’ competence in writing an intelligible research abstract. Data was collected through the 27 students’ abstracts of the research report at the English Language Education Department of the Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang. The results of the research indicate that the student’s competence in writing a research abstract was good. The students’ competence in writing their ideas in an abstract was good, and their ability to write a good topic sentence was good. The findings were strengthened by the computation of five aspects of writing proficiency that showed 25.8 for content value, 16.7 for organization, 16.6 for vocabulary, 17.1 for language use, and 3.8 for mechanics value.


Keywords


analysis; students; competence; writing; abstract

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ahmadian, M., & Hosseini, S. (2012). A study of the relationship between iranian EFL learners’ multiple intelligences and their performance on writing. Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences, 3(1), 111–126. https://doi.org/10.5901/mjss.2012.03.01.111

Amalia, I., As’ari, & Hasanah, U. (2021). Developing an Intercultural-Based Text Book for Teaching Writing. Loquen: English Studies Journal, 14(2), 64–76. https://doi.org/10.32678/loquen.v14i02

Argondizzo, C., Marcella, V., & Sasso, M. I. (2020). Cooperation and development for academic language skills in the university context. Language Learning in Higher Education, 10(1), 93–109. https://doi.org/10.1515/cercles-2020-2010

Bustomi, & Afriani, Z. L. (n.d.). The use of Non-standard Indonesian Language: Students’ errors in writing academic paper.

Dudnik, L. V., & Putilovskaya, T. S. (2020). Educational paradigm of academic writing. Vysshee Obrazovanie v Rossii, 29(1), 88–97. https://doi.org/10.31992/0869-3617-2020-29-1-88-97

Fattahi, N., & Nushi, M. (2021). The effect of gender and language proficiency on the metaphor use in the writing of TEFL students. Asian-Pacific Journal of Second and Foreign Language Education, 6(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s40862-021-00126-1

Fitriani, N., Sabarniati, S., & Safuni, N. (2021). IS ENGLISH ACADEMIC WRITING AS SIMPLE AS USING TRANSLATION TOOL?ERROR ANALYSIS ON STUDENTS’ ABSTRACT. The Journal of English Literacy Education: The Teaching and Learning of English as a Foreign Language, 8(1), 55–67. https://doi.org/10.36706/jele.v8i1.13607

Harklau, L. (2002). The role of writing in classroom second language acquisition. Journal of Second Language Writing, 11(4), 329–350. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S1060374302000917

Hartfiel, V. F., Hughey, J. H., Wormuth, D. R., & Jacobs, H. L. (1985). Learning ESL Composition (Vol. 1). Newbury House Publishers, Inc.

KANOKSILAPATHAM, B. (2013). Generic Characterisation of Civil Engineering Research Article Abstracts. 3L: The Southeast Asian Journal of English Language Studies, 19(3), 1 – 10. https://www.academia.edu/17633084/Generic_characterisation_of_civil_engineering_research_article_abstracts

Kencana, C. T., & Fauzia, N. (2022). The Use of Instagram to Improve Students’ Writing Skills in Explanation Text for Eleventh Grade Students. Research on English Language Teaching in Indonesia, 9(3), 132–138.

Leggette, H. R., Mckim, B. R., & Dunsford, D. (2013). A Case Study of Using Electronic Self-Assessment Rubrics in a Core Curriculum Writing Course. NACTA, 57(2), 2–10. https://www.nactateachers.org/attachments/article/2077/4 Leggette June13.pdf

Otta, B. M. I., Arvianti, I., & Heriyanto, E. (2022). Cohesion and Coherence in Students’ Thesis Abstract Writing. Philosophica: Jurnal Bahasa, Sastra, Dan Budaya, 5(2), 72–87. https://doi.org/10.35473/po.v5i2.1939

Prasasti, I. H., Baihaqi, Y., & Hakim, A. R. (2022). The Use of Instagram to Boost Students’ Writing Skill in Explanation Text. Locus, 1(1), 1–6. https://locus.rivierapublishing.id/index.php/jl

Putra, H. (2023). Analysis Of Moves and Tenses on Abstract Article Published at Journals. ETERNAL (English Teaching Journal), 14(1), 104–113. https://doi.org/10.26877/eternal.v14i1.14566

Setyowati, L., Sukmawan, S., & El-Sulukiyyah, A. A. (2020). Exploring the use of esl composition profile for college writing in the Indonesian context. International Journal of Language Education, 4(2), 171–182. https://doi.org/10.26858/ijole.v4i2.13662

Suryani, I., Hashima, N., Yaacob, A., Rashid, S. A., & Desa, H. (2014). Rhetorical Structures in Academic Research Writing by Non- Native Writers. International Journal of Higher Education, 3(1), 29–38. https://doi.org/10.5430/ijhe.v3n1p29

Tseng, F. (2011). Analyses of Move Structure and Verb Tense of Research Article Abstracts in Applied Linguistics. International Journal of English Linguistics, 1(2), 27–39. https://doi.org/10.5539/ijel.v1n2p27

Zand-Vakili, E., & Kashani, A. F. (2012). The contrastive move analysis: An investigation of Persian and English research articles’ abstract and introduction parts. Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences, 3(2), 129–137. https://doi.org/10.5901/mjss.2012.v3n2.129




DOI: https://doi.org/10.26877/eternal.v14i2.15495

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2023 ETERNAL (English Teaching Journal)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Copyright of ETERNAL (English Teaching Journal) ISSN 2086-5473 (Print), ISSN 2614-1639 (Online)

English Education Study Program
Faculty of Language and Arts, Universitas PGRI Semarang
(Kampus 4) Jalan Gajah Raya, Semarang

Th. Cicik Sophia B., S.S., M.Pd.
Phone: +62 857-2679-7979
Email: eternalpbi@upgris.ac.id

View ETERNAL Stats