Aktivitas antibakteri isolat bakteri endofit daun pegagan (Centella asiatica) terhadap Staphylococcus aureus

Sembodho Edi Kurniawan, Mahyarudin Mahyarudin, Ambar Rialita

Abstract


ABSTRAK

Ancaman global pada kasus Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) membutuhkan alternatif penanganan dengan tanaman obat tradisional. Bakteri endofit pada tanaman pegagan (Centella asiatica) memiliki kemampuan menghasilkan senyawa metabolit sekunder bersifat antibakteri yang serupa dengan tanaman inangnya. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengetahui aktivitas antibakteri isolat bakteri endofit daun pegagan (C. asiatica) terhadap S. aureus. Penelitian ini bersifat deskriptif yaitu isolat bakteri endofit daun pegagan (C. asiatica) diujikan dengan metode difusi cakram terhadap S. aureus. Isolat yang paling berpotensi memiliki aktivitas antibakteri dilakukan uji metabolit untuk mengetahui senyawa antibakteri yang dihasilkan. Identifikasi bakteri endofit berdasarkan morfologi koloni, morfologi sel, dan uji biokimia. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan 2 dari 37 isolat memiliki aktivitas terhadap S. aureus  dengan zona hambat sebesar 9,02 mm dan 15,9 mm. Isolat yang paling berpotensi memiliki aktivitas tertinggi yaitu isolat I2 dengan zona hambat sebesar 15,9 mm. Isolat I2 memiliki kemiripan dengan genus Bacillus dan kemampuan mengasilkan senyawa antibakteri seperti alkaloid, saponin dan terpenoid.

 

Kata kunci: antibakteri; bakteri endofit; Centella asiatica; Staphylococcus aureus

 

 

ABSTRACT

Antibacterial activity of endophytic bacteria isolate from pegagan leaves (Centella asiatica) against Staphylococcus aureus

The global threat in the case of Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) requires alternative treatment using traditional medicinal plants. Endophytic bacteria found in Pegagan plants (Centella asiatica) have ability to produce secondary metabolites with antibacterial capabilities similar to their host plants. The purpose of this study is to determine the antibacterial activity of endophytic bacterial isolates of Pegagan (C. asiatica) against S. aureus. This study is a descriptive research where endophytic bacterial isolates of Pegagan leaves (C. asiatica) were tested with disk diffusion method against S. aureus. The most potential isolates with antibacterial activity were performed metabolites test to determine the antibacterial compounds produced. Endophytic bacteria identification based on colony morphology, cell morphology and biochemical tests. The results showed that 2 out of 37 isolates had activity against S. aureus with inhibition zone of 9,02 mm and 15.9 mm. The most potential isolate that has highest activity was I2 isolate with inhibition zone of 15.9 mm. Isolate I2 has similarities with the genus Bacillus and the ability to produce antibacterial compounds such as alkaloids, saponins and terpenoids.

 

Key words: antibacterial; Centella asiatica; endophytic bacteria; Staphylococcus aureus


Full Text:

PDF

References


Abdulla, D. (2009). Plasmids profiles, antibiotic and heavy metal resistance incidence of endophytic bacteria isolated from grapevine (Vitis inifera L.). African Journal of Biotechnology, 8(21), 5873–82. https://doi.org/10.5897/AJB09.1391

Adityawarman. (2019). Isolasi, identifikasi dan aktivitas antibakteri bakteri endofit daun pegagan (Centella asiatica L.) terhadap Escherichia coli, Jurnal Cerebellum, 5(4B), 1569-1582. https://jurnal.untan.ac.id/index.php/JC/article/view/44821/75676588266

Anjum, N. & Chandra, R. (2015). Endophytic bacteria: Optimizaton of isolation procedure from various medicinal plants and their preliminary characterization. Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research, 8(4), 233-238. https://doi.org/6586-24211-1-PB

Ayyagari, A. & Sushma, G. (2009). Detection of antimicrobial resistance in common gram negative and gram positive bacteria encountered in infectious diseases – an update. Indian Council of Medical Research Bulletin, 39(1–3), 1–20. https://doi.org/ISSN 0377-4910

Bermawie, N., Purwiyanti, S. & Mardiana. (2008). Keragaan sifat morfologi, hasil dan mutu plasma nutfah pegagan (Centella asiatica (L.) Urban.). Buletin Penelitian Tanaman Rempah dan Obat, 19(1), 1-17. http://dx.doi.org/10.21082/bullittro.v19n1.2008.%25p

Bhore, S. J., & Sathisha, G. (2010). Screening of endophytic colonizing bacteria for cytokinin-like compounds : crude cell-free broth of endophytic colonizing bacteria is unsuitable in cucumber cotyledon bioassay. World Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 6(4), 345–52. https://www.idosi.org/wjas/wjas6(4). htm

Brooks, G. F., Butel, J. S., & Morse, S. A. (2004). Mikrobiologi kedokteran; Jawetz, Melnick & Adleberg’s , Edisi 23. Jakarta: EGC.

Cappuccino, J. G. & Sherman, N. (2014). Microbiology: A laboratory manual. 10th edition. New York: Pearson Education Inc. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13398-014-0173-7.2

Delbò, M. & Calapai, G. (2010). Assessment report on Centella asiatica (L.) urban herba. European Medicines Agency Science Medicine Health, 44, 1-44. https://doi.org/10.1109/MWSYM.2007.380531

Guan, Z., Xue, D., Abdallah, I. I., Dijkshoorn L., Setroikromo, R., Lv, G., & Quax, W. J. (2015). Metabolic engineering of Bacillus subtilis for terpenoid production. Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, 19(22), 9395–9406. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00253-015-6950-1

Holt, J. G., Krieg, N. R., Sneath, P. H. A., Staley, J. T., & Williams, S. T. (2000). Bergey’s manual of determinative microbiology, 9th Edn. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Hudzicki, J. (2009). Kirby-Bauer disk diffusion susceptibility test protocol. American Society for Microbiology, 1–23. https://www.asmscience.org/docserver/fulltext/education/protocol/protocol.3189.pdf?expires=1614643573&id=id&accname=guest&checksum=670B88756452CA10BCBAD3B66714DBA8

Julianti, F. R. (2008). Manfaat sirih merah (Piper crocatum) sebagai agen anti bakterial terhadap bakteri gram positif dan gram negatif. Jurnal Kedokteran Dan Kesehatan Indonesia. https://journal.uii.ac.id/JKKI/article/view/543

Logan, N. A. & De Vos, P. (2015). Bergeys`s manual of systematics of archaea and bacteria : Genus Bacillus. New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, Inc. https://doi.org/10.1002/9781118960608.gbm00530

Madduluri, S., Rao, K. B., & Sitaram, B. (2013). In vitro evaluation of antibacterial activity of five indegenous plants extract against five bacterial pathogens of human. International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, 5(4), 679–84. https://innovareacademics.in/journal/ijpps/Vol5Suppl4.htm

Muharni, F., Oktaruliza, M., & Elfita. (2014). Antibacterial and antioxidant activity testing of pyranon derivated compound from endophytic fungi Penicillium sp. of kunyit putih (Curcuma zedoaria (Berg) Roscoe). Traditional Medicine Journal, 19(3), 107–12. https://doi.org/10.7717/peerj.5425

Permenkes, Republik Indonesia. (2011). Pedoman umum penggunaan antibiotik. Kementerian Kesehatan RI. Indonesia.

Prihatiningtias, Widyati, & Wahyuningsih, M. S. H. (2011). Prospek mikroba endofit sebagai sumber senyawa bioaktif (Skripsi, Universitas Gadjah Mada). Retrieved from https://docplayer.info/33637397-Prospek-mikroba-endofit-sebagai-sumber-senyawa-bioaktif-prospect-of-endophyte-as-a-bioactive-compound-source.html

Pumipuntu, N., Kulpeanprasit, S., Santajit, S., Tunyong, W., & Kong-ngoen, T. (2017). Screening method for Staphylococcus aureus identification in subclinical bovine mastitis from dairy farms. Veterinary World, 10, 721–26. https://doi.org/10.14202/vetworld.2017.721-726

Rafat, A., Philip, K., & Muniandy, S. (2012). A novel source of bioactive compounds: endophytic bacteria isolated from Centella asiatica. Journal of Pure and Applied Microbiology, 6(1): 11–20. https://microbiologyjournal.org/archive_mg/jmabsread.php?snoid=741&month=&year=

Schulz, B. J. E., & Boyle, C. J. C. (2006). What are endophytes. In microbial root endophytes, edited by Schulz, B. J. E., Boyle, C. J. C., and Sieber, T. N. Berlin: Springer-Verlag.

Singh, M., Kumar, A., Singh, R., & Pandey, K. D. (2017). Endophytic bacteria: a new source of bioactive compounds. Biotech, 7(5), 315. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13205-017-0942-z

Staf Pengajar FK UI. (2010). Buku ajar mikrobiologi kedokteran, Edisi Revisi. Tangerang: Binapura Aksara Publisher.

Sulistiyani, Ardyati, T. & Winarsih, S. (2016). Antimicrobial and antioxidant activity of endophyte bacteria associated with Curcuma longa rhizome. The Journal of Experimental Life Science, 6(1), 45–51. https://doi.org/10.21776/ub.jels.2016.006.01.11

Sundaryono, A. (2011). Penggunaan batang tanaman betadin (Jatropha multifida L.) untuk meningkatkan jumlah trombosit pada Mus musculus. Media Medika Indonesia, 45(2), 1–5. https://ejournal.undip.ac.id/index.php/ mmi/article/view/3017

Tchaou, W. S. (1996). Inhibiting of pure culture of oral bacteria by root canal filling materials. Pediatric Dentistry, 18(7), 444–49. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/14238061_Inhibition_of_pure_cultures_of_oral_bacteria_by_root_canal_filling_materials

Tong, S. Y. C., Davis, J. S., Eichenberger, E., Holland, T. L., & Fowler, V. G. (2015). Staphylococcus aureus infections: epidemiology, pathophysiology, clinical manifestations, and management. Clinical Microbiology Reviews, 28(3), 603–61. https://doi.org/10.1128/CMR.00134-14

Tortora, G. J., Funke, B. R., & Case, C. L. (2010). Microbiology: An introduction. 10th edition. San Francisco: Bejamin Cummings.

Utami, D. P. (2018). Isolasi, identifikasi dan aktivitas antibakteri bakteri endofit daun kemangi (Ocinum basilicum L.) terhadap Staphylococcus aureus. Jurnal Mahasiswa PSPD FK Universitas Tanjungpura, 4(1), 4-31. https://jurnal.untan.ac.id/index.php/jfk/article/view/25672/75676576756

Vega, F. E., Pava-Ripoll, M., Posada, F., & Buyer, J. S. (2005). Endophytic bacteria in Coffea arabica L. Journal of Basic Microbiology, 45(5), 371–80. https://doi.org/10.1002/jobm.200410551

Vendepitte, J. J., Engbaek, K., Rohmer, P., Piot, P., & Heuck, C. C. (2010). Prosedur laboratorium dasar untuk bakteriologis klinis. 2nd edition. Jakarta: EGC.

Waluyo, L. 2008. Teknik dan metode dasar dalam mikrobiologi. Malang: Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang Press.

Wolska, K. I., Grudniak, A. M., & Kraczkiewicz-dowjat, A. (2007). Genetic and physiological regulation of bacterial endospore development. Polish Journal of Microbiology, 56(1), 11-17. http://www.pjmonline.org/pjm-2007-vol-56/




DOI: https://doi.org/10.26877/bioma.v10i1.7140

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Journal has been indexed by:

 


Web
Analytics View My Stats



Bioma : Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi by Biology Education  Universitas PGRI Semarang

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.